We all experience events in our lives related to failures and lose, such as the death of a loved one or failing an exam. Most of us can manage successfully these feelings within days or weeks; while for others, the depressive symptoms can affect all the areas of their lives (cognitive, emotional, behavioral and physical). As a result, these symptoms can prevent people of living their daily life.
Depression symptoms can appear without precipitating life events, but in both cases, we can talk about a case of depression. Depression is a mood disorder that involves cognitive, emotional, physical and behavioral symptoms such as the following:
There is no single cause of depression, but there is a combination of biological, genetic and social factors. The studies have suggested that there is evidence for genetic components, abnormalities in the brain neurotransmitters levels, and abnormal activities in some brain areas. Some psychological theories explain depression as a reaction to loss, or the effects on people of a lack of reinforcement for positive behaviors; as well as negative schema, and negative views about themselves, their future and the world. Major depression is more common in women than in men; however, men can have depression.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Social skills training
Behavioral activation therapy
Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT)